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Veterinary public health sessions

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Stream 1 - Monday 6 April

As a consequence of the interconnected effects of globalization, economic development, environmental change and modern society’s changing lifestyle expectations, we are now experiencing very rapid change in eco-social systems at a global scale. This has also led to the emergence of highly complex risk environments. Food production is an example of this development, which has resulted in the global emergence of infectious diseases with major societal impact, such as avian influenza and more recently African swine fever.

Modernisation of meat inspection is on the agenda in EU and elsewhere in the world. For each of the palpation and incisions made as part of the traditional inspection of swine, a risk assessment was made in Denmark, illustrating what the effect would be of omitting the action. This enabled a gradual change from traditional to visual-only inspection in line with the acceptance of equivalence of important international, trade partners.

Stream 1 - Tuesday 7 April

In many parts of the world, Salmonella in swine is ascribed to a non-negligible number of human cases. In this presentation, the experience related to the development of the Danish surveillance-and-control programme will be presented. In the first phase of the program, focus was on pre-harvest interventions. However, detailed studies showed that it was more cost-effective to focus on hygiene during slaughter. Therefore, today focus is on the post-harvest side.

The development of control methods for avian influenza typically results in technical solutions that aim to modify biological parameters. Yet, a key factor influencing avian influenza risk in the relevant animal population as well as at its interface with the human population will be human behaviour along the poultry value chain, indicating the need for adopting an interdisciplinary approach to avian influenza research.

7th WVA Global One Health Summit with high-level support of FAO, OIE and WHO: Climate change and its future impact on disease burdens, food security and the economy.

Stream 1 - Wednesday 8 April

In Denmark, the combat against development of antimicrobial (AM) resistance began two decades ago. Lessons learnt regarding use of AM in livestock will be presented during the presentation. These among others include the necessity to monitor the consumption in detail, the need to have on-farm permit levels as well as having restrictions on use of selected AM. The current program is a result of collaboration between academia, industry and authorities.

The WHO has identified antimicrobial resistance (AMR) as one of the most significant current and future threats to global human health. The use of antimicrobials in veterinary science presents some risk for development of resistance in human pathogens, but until recently, it has been difficult to quantify this risk. Data will be presented confirming rates of AMR in animals in Australasia are among the lowest in the world and the reasons for these comparatively low rates will be explored.

The One Health concept is unifying and inspiring. The most rewarding One Health approach is considered to be one that moves beyond the global pandemic EID scope to cover endemic diseases of importance and broader non-infectious health, wellbeing and sustainability issues. In Australia, there are a range of one health challenges involving endemic diseases such as Hendra virus, Q fever and broader issues including antimicrobial resistance. Nigel’s presentation will build on recent research and other activities in Q fever and other endemic diseases to highlight one health issues and achievements.

The advent of next-generation sequencing is continuing to unlock the mysteries of the host’s autochthonous microbiota and its importance to healthy immune, brain and reproductive function. This presentation will focus on recent developments in the field of significance to livestock health, welfare and optimal production in, as well as crystal ball gazing into the livestock facilities of the future.